Digitalization changes the nature of economic relations, the ways of production and promotion of goods and services, the mechanisms of interaction between contractors, and the methods of meeting consumer needs. Information and communication technologies, Internet resources and digital artifacts create new opportunities for an individual, an economic entity, and a state, while at the same time being a major challenge to global security. In the digital space, solving the problem of ensuring cybersecurity is becoming increasingly important all over the world. Today, we need to understand it, and build the capacity to deploy appropriate strategies to improve cyber security.
The purpose of the study is to identify cybercrime as a new systemic threat to the economic security of an individual, firm, or state, to identify its motives and methods of manifestation, and to develop an interdisciplinary approach to leveling this threat.
Methods used in the study: economic and statistical analysis, induction and deduction, grouping method, system method.
The information base of the research is publications and information materials of the European Commission, reports of analytical companies Experian, CSO, Financesonline, Verizon, IBM, ITU, Hiscox Forrester Consulting.
Research results. The relationship between economic security and the processes of digitalization of social and economic relations is established. The types of cybercrime are systematized and its specifics are specified depending on the subject against which the illegal action is being taken –an individual, a firm, or a state. The analysis of the world practice of countering cybercrime allowed us to develop a pyramid of cybersecurity and propose a set of measures to prevent criminal acts in the information space.